In the midst of the energy crisis, the world may have to pay a costly price for the weakening loyalty to measures to stop climate change in various countries. In the midst of the current energy crisis, even those countries, which are considered more sensitive in this matter, have increased their use of coal, leaving behind concerns about the future and climate. These countries have also intensified the search for new sources of crude oil.
Concerned about this, the International Energy Agency (IEA) has issued a serious warning. It has warned in its latest World Energy Outlook that the target of reducing emissions by 2050 may be reduced by 60 percent. The goal is to reduce carbon emissions to zero by 2050. The IEA has released its report in view of the UN COP-26 (26th Conference of the Parties) to be held in Glasgow, Scotland next month.
Climate experts around the world are concerned about the current trends in the world’s major economies. Recent news in this regard is that China has now decided to build more coal-fired power plants. In a meeting of the National Energy Commission of China, Prime Minister Li Qiqiang said that the regular supply of electricity is the first priority of the Chinese government. Significantly, China had earlier announced that its carbon emissions would reach their peak by 2030. After that, it will start declining. According to this program, China will reduce its carbon emissions to zero by 2060.
But experts say that now if China sets up new coal-fired power plants, then this goal will be impossible to achieve. Similar trends are being seen in the European Union, Britain, and America in China. The IEA has said that looking at the situation now, it seems that only 40 percent of the world will be able to achieve the target of zero carbon emissions by 2050.
The IEA has said that the gap between the goal and the reality has widened. This gap can be filled only when countries around the world spend four trillion dollars in the next decade to adopt green energy. IEA Executive Director Fatih Birol told the British newspaper The Guardian that large countries recovering from the Kovid-19 epidemic are missing a big opportunity to go in the direction of green energy.
Scientists have said that if the increase in the temperature of the earth is to be stopped by 1.5 to 2 degrees Celsius by the year 2100, then carbon emissions will have to be reduced to zero by the middle of this century. If the temperature of the earth continues to rise uncontrollably, it will have dangerous consequences on the climate.
The IEA has said that emerging economies and developing countries will have to give 70 percent of the four trillion dollars needed to achieve the goal of carbon zero. Fatih Birol said that the current energy crisis has made it clear that the world’s major dependence remains on fossil energy (petroleum, gas, coal). That is, the work of reducing its use and moving towards renewable energy sources has been done very little.